Siege of Nicaea 1097

Crusaders’ siege of Nicaea, May 14-June 19, 1097

In the year 1077, Suleiman Shah ibn Qutalmish captured the Byzantine city of Nicaea and founded his own independent state from the Great Seljuks. This state came to be known as the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum or the Seljuk Sultanate of Anatolia. After ...

Fall of Jerusalem 1099

Chronological history of the Crusades

August 26, 1071In the Battle of Manzikert, Sultan Alp Arslan defeats the Byzantine armies led by Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes. 1075Suleiman ibn Qutulmish captures the Byzantine city of Nicaea. 1077Suleiman establishes the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum wit ...

mehmed ii leaves for Constantinople 2

Siege and Conquest of Constantinople, 1453

Sultan Murad II besieged the city of Constantinople in 1422 but the walls were too strong for an army without proper siege engines. Meanwhile, a revolt also broke out in Anatolia. Therefore, the Sultan had to abandon the siege to deal with the ...

Amir timur meets ibn khaldun

The iconic meeting of Amir Timur and Ibn Khaldun

Amir Timur meets Ibn Khaldun | Photo: Social Media Shares In 1401, the great Arab historian Ibn Khaldun met Amir Timur during the siege of Damascus. After staying in Timur’s camp for a month, Ibn Khaldun left with a profound respect for the great king ...

Hulagu Khan dies

Hulagu Khan dies

On this day, 8 February 1265 CE, the founder of Ilkhanate, Hulagu Khan died because of a serious illness. Hulagu ruled Ilkhanate from 1256 to 1265. He is known for besieging and sacking the Abbasid capital city of Baghdad in 1258. From the defeat at the ...

Idrisid dynasty is founded

Idrisid dynasty is founded

On this day, 5 February 789 CE (4 Ramadan, 172 AH), Idris ibn Abd Allah founded the Idrisid dynasty in the town of Volubilis or Walili (now in Morocco). Idris was the great-grandson of Hasan bin Ali. In 786, he escaped Arabia after the battle of Fakhkh f ...

Map-Ottoman-Empire-at-the-time-of-the-death-of-Sultan-Suleiman-the-Magnificent-1566-CE

A very brief history of the Ottoman Empire

BACKGROUND Around the year 1038 CE, a Turkomen leader Tughril along with his brother Chagri Beg founded a Turkish state in the eastern Iranian city of Nishapur. In no time, the newly born state captured the parts of central Asia and Afghanistan, much ...

5 Minute History Daily Light

Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani dies

On this day, 2 February 1449 CE (8 Dhu al-Hijjah 852 AH), noted Islamic scholar and polymath, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani died in Cairo. He is best known for his massive work Fath al-Bari fi Sharh Sahih al-Bukhari, a multi-volume commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari ...

Alamgir II is assassinated by Imad al Mulk

Mughal Emperor Alamgir II is assassinated

Today on the 29th of November in 1759 CE, the 14th Mughal Emperor Aziz al-Din (Alamgir II) was killed by the assassins sent by his wazir Imad al-Mulk and his Maratha allies. Alamgir II was a mere figurehead with all the real power vested in the hand of h ...

Safavid-Shah-Isma'il-II-dies

Safavid Shah Isma’il II dies, 1577 CE

Today on the 24th of November in 1577 CE, the third Safavid Shah Isma'il II died after a brief rule of 14 months. Isma'il II was the son of Shah Tahmasp I. During the Ottoman–Safavid War of 1532–1555 between Sultan Suleiman and Tahmasp I, Isma'il II also ...