Tıbhane-i Amire

First Medical School in the Ottoman Empire

On 14 March 1827 CE, the first modern Army Medical School (Tiphane-i Amire) of the Ottoman Empire was established by Sultan Mahmud II in Istanbul. At this school, the teaching was conducted in French and based exclusively on European medical texts. Sulta ...

Al-Musta'sim is executed

Al-Musta’sim is executed by the Mongols

On this day, 20 February 1258, Al-Musta'sim, the last Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad was executed after the 10 days of the fall of the Abbasid capital to the Mongols. Along with the caliph, more than 3000 Abbasid officials and notables were also put to death. ...

Russians capture Erzurum

Russians capture Erzurum, Caucasus Campaign, WW1

On this day, 16 February 1916, the Ottoman city of Erzurum fell to the Russians after Mahmut Kamil was forced to order the 3rd Army to retreat from the city. However, Erzurum reverted to Ottoman control after the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk in ...

Russian trenches in the forests of Sarikamish | Wikimedia

The Battle of Sarikamish, 1914-15

On the 17th of January, 1915 CE, the Battle or Operation of Sarikamish ended with a disastrous Ottoman defeat in World War I. The hostilities were opened by the Russians, therefore, on December 21, 1914, Enver Pasha personally led the Third Army in a cou ...

Akbar ascends the throne

Akbar ascends the Mughal throne

On this day, 11 February 1556, Jalal al-Din Muhammad Akbar ascended the Mughal throne after his father Humanyu's death. He came to the throne at the age of 13. But being too young to rule independently, the country was effectively governed by a regent, B ...

baghdad falls

Baghdad falls

On this day, 10 February 1258, Abbasid capital city of Baghdad finally fell to the Mongols after a 13-days-long siege. The majority of Baghdad’s population were erased from the existence. The caliph and more than 3,000 Abbasid officials and notables were ...

Sultan Abdul Hamid II dies

Sultan Abdul Hamid II dies

On this day, 10 February 1918, the 34th Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II died after 9 years of his deposition from the Ottoman throne. He ruled for 33 years from 1876 to 1909. When he was dethroned, he was sent to Thessaloniki (now in Greece). In 1912, when ...

Ibrahim I becomes the Sultan

Sultan Ibrahim I ascends the Ottoman throne

On this day, 9 February 1640, the 18th Ottoman Sultan Ibrahim I ascended the Ottoman throne after the death of his brother Sultan Murad IV. Ibrahim was the son of Sultan Ahmed I and famous Kösem Sultan, who has been described as the most powerful woman i ...