Sultan Mustafa II is born

Sultan Mustafa II is born

On this day, 6 February 1664 CE, the 22nd Ottoman Sultan Mustafa II was born in Edirne. His eight and a half year reign witnessed major military debacle (1697) and territorial losses (Hungary and the Morea). After the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699), he abdic ...

Umar bin Abd al-Aziz dies

Caliph Umar bin Abd al-Aziz dies

On this day, 4 February 720 CE (20 or 25 Rajab, 101 AH)*, Umayyad Caliph Umar bin Abd al-Aziz died because of illness. A keen sense of justice, piety, toleration of other religions, moderation, and simplicity of life formed the chief features of his char ...

Mehmed Fatih becomes Sultan

Mehmed Fatih becomes the Sultan for the 2nd time

On this day, 3 February 1451 CE, the 7th Ottoman ruler Mehmed the Conqueror ascended the Ottoman throne for the 2nd time at the age of 19. Previously, the 12-year-old Sultan ruled from 1444 to 1446 after his father Murad II had abdicated in favor of his ...

Khomeini returns to Iran

Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran from his exile

On this day, 1 February 1979 CE, the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution, Ruhollah Khomeini returned to Iran after more than 14 years of exile. After 10 days on February 11, the monarchy of the Pahlavi dynasty was overthrown and abolished as a result o ...

5-Minute-History-Daily-Light-Battle-of-Hyderabad-1709

Bahadur Shah I becomes Mughal Emperor

On this day, 13th of January, 1709 CE, the Battle of Hyderabad took place between the two sons of Aurangzeb, Bahadur Shah I and Kam Bakhsh. Bakhsh was critically injured and would die the next day. Bahadur Shah himself washed the wounds from Kam Baksh’s ...

5-Minute-History-Daily-Light-Last-Ottoman-Parliament-meet

The Last Ottoman Parliament meet

On this day, 12th of January, 1920 CE, the last Ottoman Parliament met in Istanbul. This parliament issued the National Pact or Misak-ı Milli expressing the will of the Turkish people to regain the full national integrity and independence. But the occupa ...

5-Minute-History-Daily-Light-Mughal-Empress-Nur-Jahan-dies-1645

Mughal Empress Nur Jahan dies in Lahore, 1645 CE

Nur Jahan holding a portrait of Emperor Jahangir | Photo: Wikimedia Today on the 18th of December in 1645 CE, the Mughal Empress, and wife of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, Nur Jahan died in Lahore (now in Pakistan). She was born as Muhr-un-Nisa but whe ...

Tipu Sultan's relations with the Ottoman Empire

Tipu Sultan’s relations with the Ottoman Empire

Kate Brittlebank in her book Tiger: The Life of Tipu Sultan writes: In November 1785, a large contingent from Mysore, comprising troops, servants, officials, and four vakils, left Srirangapattana for the port of Tadri on the Malabar coast. They we ...