The Biggest Islamicate Empires in History
5 Minute History (Five Minute History) is an attempt to…
Estimated peak land area ruled or controlled by the biggest Islamicate Empires. This is the list of the empires that covered at least One Million Square Kilometers of land area.
|SN||Empire Name||Estimated Size by Area||Peak Year|
|1||Umayyad Caliphate||11.1 million square km||720 & 750 CE|
|2||Abbasid Caliphate||8.3 million square km||800 CE|
|3||Rashidun Caliphate||6.4 million square km||661 CE|
|4||Ottoman Empire||5.2 million square km||1683 CE|
|5||Timurid Empire||4.4 million square km||1405 CE|
|6||Fatimid Caliphate||4.1 million square km||969 CE|
|7||Mughal Empire||4.0 million square km||1690/1705 CE|
|8||Seljuk Empire||3.9 million square km||1080 CE|
|9||Ghaznavid Empire||3.4 million square km||1029 CE|
|10||Delhi Sultanate||3.2 million square km||1312/1326 CE|
|11||Khwarazmian Empire||3.2 or 2.3 million square km||1218/1210 CE|
|12||Safavid Empire||2.9 million square km||1630 CE|
|13||Samanid Empire||2.85 million square km||928 CE|
|14||Mamluks of Egypt||2.1 million square km||1400 CE|
|15||Durrani Empire||2.02 million square km||1761 CE|
|16||Almohad||2 million square km||1200 CE|
|17||Ayyubid Dynasty||2 million square km||1190 CE|
|18||Ghurid Dynasty||2 million square km||1200 CE|
|19||Buyid Dynasty||1.6 million square km||980 CE|
|20||Qajar Iran||1.3 million square km||1873 CE|
|21||Mali Empire||1.1 million square km||1380 CE|
|22||Almoravid||1 million square km||1120 CE|
Disclaimer: This list does not include the empires which were not originally Islamicate, instead they adopted Islam later, i.e. Ilkhanate.
- The Oxford World History of Empire
- Durrani Empire, Yury V. Bosin
- East-West Orientation of Historical Empires and Modern States, Peter Turchin, Jonathan M. Adam, Thomas D. Hall
- Hughes, W. (1873). A Class-book of Modern Geography: With Examination Questions. United Kingdom: G. Philip & Son.
Join us on Telegram
5 Minute History (Five Minute History) is an attempt to explore Islamic History and Culture. We highlight aspects of Islamic culture and history that are often overlooked and uncover the historical gems on a daily basis.