Uthman bin Affan has been described as one of the most generous men in the history of Islam. He lived a very modest and dutiful life.
After the assassination of Umar, Uthman had to deal with a lot of challenges including rebellions. He not only put down the rebellion but also annexed modern-day Afghanistan, Khurasan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Cyprus. Alexandria was also recaptured from the Romans.
In the last few years of Uthman’s reign, there was chaos in different parts of the caliphate (because of some revolting parties). On his assassination, this chaos turned into a big Fitnah, and the age of civil wars started within the Muslim community. Uthman ruled for 12 years and was assassinated in his home in 656 CE.
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