Post Masonry – Style 1

Mughal war of succession (1707–1709)

After the death of Aurangzeb, there were three official contenders to the Mughal throne – Prince Muhammad Azam, Muhammad Muazzam, also called Shah Alam and Bahadur Shah I, and Kam Bakhsh. It…

Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khanan, a short biography

Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khanan, one of the most distinguished nobles of Emperor Akbar’s court, was born on December 17, 1556, in Delhi (Mughal Empire). He was noted for his military prowess as well…

Sultan Alp Arslan and Malik Shah I statues at the Independence Monument in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
Sultan Alp Arslan, a short biography

Sultan Alp Arslan was the second Sultan of the Great Seljuk Empire. Born as Muhammad ibn Daud, Alp Arslan was the son of Chagri Beg and the nephew of Sultan Tughril, who…

Allama Muhammad Iqbal, a short biography

Noted British Indian Muslim thinker, philosopher and Urdu poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born on November 9, 1877, in Sialkot, Punjab, British India (in present-day Pakistan). Iqbal has been defined as one…

Chronological list of the battles fought by the Rashidun Caliphate

Here is the chronological list of the battles that were fought by the Rashidun Caliphate between 633 CE and 661 CE. The list does NOT include the Ridda Wars. April 633 CEBattle…

Campaign of Tabuk, October 26, 630

On October 26*, 630, the Prophet Muhammad set out on his last campaign for Tabuk after hearing about a Byzantine invasion of Medina led by emperor Heraclius.  According to PK Hitti, the…

Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, a short biography

On October 17, 1817, famous Muslim reformer, philosopher, modernist and the founder of the Aligarh Muslim University, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was born in Delhi during the reign of Mughal emperor Akbar…

Razia Sultan, A short biography

Razia Sultan was the first Muslim woman to rule India and the only woman to have sat on the throne of Delhi. She was the fifth ruler of the Mamluk Dynasty of…

Sultan Salah al-Din Ayyubi Quiz #1

Take this Islamic history quiz on Sultan Salah al-Din Ayyubi (Saladin) and check how much you know about him. Level: Easy Reading recommended: Saladin by Dr Abdul Rahman Azzam

Siege & Conquest of Jerusalem, September 20 – October 2, 1187

On October 2, 1187, Sultan Salah al-Din Ayyubi conquered the city of Jerusalem after a 12-day-long siege. The city was surrendered by Balian of Ibelin. Contrary to what the Crusaders had done…

Islamic History Quiz #1

Take this Islamic history quiz and check how much you know about the Islamic past. Level: Easy